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Transit-Oriented Development

Encourage Transit-Oriented Development, increase density along major corridors and in the Infill and Redevelopment Area to support transit ridership, thus reducing vehicle miles traveled (VMT).

Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) refers to communities with high quality public transit services, good walkability, and compact, mixed land use. This type of development allows people to choose the best option for each trip: walking and cycling for local errands, convenient and comfortable public transit for travel along major urban corridors, and automobile travel to more dispersed destinations. People who live and work in such communities tend to own fewer vehicles, drive less, and rely more on alternative modes. TOD provides multiple health and environment benefits:

Reduce congestion & vehicle-related emission:

30-50% reductions in per capita annual congestion delay are typical between transit-oriented cities and comparable size automobile-oriented cities. Reduce impervious surface occupied for roadway & parking facilities: TOD improves stormwater infiltration in a natural setting, rather than via engineering methods. Ultimately, it will also save the cost on roadway / parking infrastructure.

Conserve energy & reduce energy-generating emission:

Residents of transit-oriented communities tend to consume 20-40% less transportation energy than they would in more automobile-dependent communities.

Strengthen transit system:

Neighborhood patterns and transportation go hand in hand. TOD with well-designed land use and alternative infrastructure will encourage residents to use mass transit and stabilize transit ridership, thus reducing transportation cost to families and to the environment.

Support healthy lifestyles:

Transit users are four times as likely to achieve the target of 20 minutes or more of walking per day, as opposed to people who do not use transit on a particular day. Improve safety: Residents of transit-oriented communities have about a quarter of the per-capita traffic fatality rate compared to residents of automobile-dependent sprawl, taking into account all traffic deaths, including pedestrians and transit passengers.

There are also more benefits of TOD in neighborhood, community and economics aspects, which will be explored in the related themes of imagine Lexington. In Lexington, major transit lines are focused along urban corridors and the Infill and Development area. Increased density in these areas will have the similar benefits to those of TOD.

Goals and Objectives

GOAL A1: Expand housing choices

Objective: A1a

Pursue incentives and regulatory approaches that encourage creativity and sustainability in housing development.

Objective: A1b

Accommodate the demand for housing in Lexington responsibly, prioritizing higher-density and mixture of housing types.

Objective: A1c

Plan for safe, affordable and accessible housing to meet the needs of older and/or disadvantaged residents.

Objective: A1d

Create and implement housing incentives that strengthen the opportunities for higher-density and housing affordability.

GOAL A2: Support infill and redevelopment throughout the Urban Service Area as a strategic component of growth.

Objective: A2a

Identify areas of opportunity for infill, redevelopment, adaptive reuse, and mixed-use development.

GOAL B2: Reduce Lexington-Fayette County’s carbon footprint.

Objective: B2c

Provide incentives for green building, sustainable development, and transit-oriented development with civic agencies leading by example through the use of green building standards.

Objective: B2d

Prioritize multi-modal options that de-emphasize single-occupancy vehicle dependence.

GOAL D1: Work to achieve an effective and comprehensive transportation system.

Objective: D1a

Support the Complete Streets concept, prioritizing a pedestrian-first design that also accommodates the needs of bicycle, transit and other vehicles.

Objective: D1b

Develop a viable network of accessible transportation alternatives for residents and commuters, which may include the use of mass transit, bicycles, walkways, ridesharing, greenways and other strategies.

Objective: D1c

Concentrate efforts to enhance mass transit along our corridors in order to facilitate better service for our growing population, as well as efficiencies in our transit system.

GOAL E1: Uphold the Urban Service Area concept.

Objective: E1b

Ensure all types of development are environmentally, economically, and socially sustainable to accommodate the future growth needs of all residents while safeguarding rural land.

Objective: E1c

Emphasize redevelopment of underutilized corridors.

Objective: E1d

Maximize development on vacant land within the Urban Service Area and promote redevelopment of underutilized land in a manner that enhances existing urban form and/or historic features.