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Street Design by Place-Type

Street design should reflect and promote the desired place-type.

Designers of the built street environment must work to address the functionality of the space to ensure compatibility with surrounding land uses as well as transportation network connections. True multimodal street designs must acknowledge how adjacent land uses and building forms influence user perceptions, needs, and safety. Understanding these contextual relationships leads to improved street design. When designing or modifying a street, it is crucial to consider the current and potential future adjacent land uses for the site and block.

Different land uses generate varying amounts of vehicular traffic and on-street parking, and have different frontage and multimodal needs. The land uses adjoining a street are integral to predicting the volume of multimodal demand and the best allocation of right-of-way to support those needs. Consideration should be given to both existing and potential future land uses. Although many neighborhoods and corridors currently have auto-oriented land use patterns and site designs, the development of multimodal street networks is intended to change the city’s transportation system and travel patterns over time. That focus on multimodal transportation is designed to work in conjunction with infill and redevelopment efforts that emphasize a greater mix of uses, walkabilty, transit-oriented development and community centers with proximity to destinations. As neighborhoods and corridors evolve over time, emphasis should be placed on creating opportunities for walkability, even in areas where the full potential has yet to be realized.

Streets should be not be singularly designed for automobile efficiency, but should give due consideration to the surrounding context, and the goals for the place-type where it is located. They should add to an area’s sense of place and promote desired development patterns, rather than discourage them with designs that are out of scale and counterproductive to the preferred result.

Action Item(s)

  • Amend Subdivision Regulations street standards.

Goals and Objectives

GOAL A3: Provide well-designed neighborhoods and communities.

Objective: A3a

Enable existing and new neighborhoods to flourish through improved regulation, expanded opportunities for neighborhood character preservation, and public commitment to expand options for mixed-use and mixed-type housing throughout Lexington-Fayette County

Objective: A3b

Strive for positive and safe social interactions in neighborhoods, including, but not limited to, neighborhoods that are connected for pedestrians and various modes of transportation.

GOAL B2: Reduce Lexington-Fayette County’s carbon footprint.

Objective: B2d

Prioritize multi-modal options that de-emphasize single-occupancy vehicle dependence.

GOAL D1: Work to achieve an effective and comprehensive transportation system.

Objective: D1a

Support the Complete Streets concept, prioritizing a pedestrian-first design that also accommodates the needs of bicycle, transit and other vehicles.

Objective: D1b

Develop a viable network of accessible transportation alternatives for residents and commuters, which may include the use of mass transit, bicycles, walkways, ridesharing, greenways and other strategies.

Objective: D1c

Concentrate efforts to enhance mass transit along our corridors in order to facilitate better service for our growing population, as well as efficiencies in our transit system.

GOAL D2: Support a model of development that focuses on people-first to provide accessible community facilities and services to meet the health, safety and quality of life needs of Lexington-Fayette County’s residents and visitors.

Objective: D2a

Encourage public safety and social sustainability by supporting Secured-by-Design concepts and other policies and programs for the built and natural environments of neighborhoods to help reduce opportunities for crimes.