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Reduce Vehicle Oriented Development

Reduce / discourage vehicle oriented development patterns, such as drive-through businesses within the Urban Service Boundary, especially in the urban core areas. Reduce parking footprints.

Vehicle idling for more than 10 seconds uses more fuel and produces more CO2 compared to restarting the engine. Countries around the world are concerned with the impact of transportation on the environment and human health. Messages to reduce unnecessary idling are therefore a key component of many national sustainability programs. In Europe, the recommended guidelines for turning engines off are 10 seconds in Italy and France; 20 seconds in Austria; 40 seconds in Germany; and 60 seconds in the Netherlands. In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency’s Smartway and Drive Wise programs both recommend turning the engine off if the driver is stopped for more than 30 seconds. Avoiding unnecessary idling is a universal approach to reduce the environmental impact of vehicles. Drive-through businesses and traffic congestion produce most of the car idling, which have a great impact on the environment. Unnecessary idling not only creates air pollution, it also increases fuel costs. Currently in the Lexington Urban Service Area, drive-throughs are still widespread. In addition, some new developments include space for outlot sales to potential drive-through businesses, which should be discouraged.

Excessive asphalt or concrete parking areas also encourage more driving, and reduce stormwater infiltration into the natural system, which creates environmental pressure. Some developments within the high-density areas and around University of Kentucky are encouraging separate parking spot sales from property sales, or parking rental fees in addition to residential leases, in order to encourage residents to strategize on vehicle uses. New development or redevelopment within the urban core area with essential needs for new parking should be encouraged to incorporate pervious paving solutions or partnership with existing parking infrastructure.

Action Item(s)

  • Overhaul parking standards throughout the zoning ordinance.

Goals and Objectives

GOAL A3: Provide well-designed neighborhoods and communities.

There are no objectives related to this policy that further this particular goal.

GOAL B2: Reduce Lexington-Fayette County’s carbon footprint.

Objective: B2d

Prioritize multi-modal options that de-emphasize single-occupancy vehicle dependence.

GOAL E1: Uphold the Urban Service Area concept.

Objective: E1b

Ensure all types of development are environmentally, economically, and socially sustainable to accommodate the future growth needs of all residents while safeguarding rural land.

Objective: E1c

Emphasize redevelopment of underutilized corridors.

Objective: E1d

Maximize development on vacant land within the Urban Service Area and promote redevelopment of underutilized land in a manner that enhances existing urban form and/or historic features.