Reduce / discourage vehicle oriented development patterns, such as drive-through businesses within the Urban Service Boundary, especially in the urban core areas. Reduce parking footprints.
Vehicle idling for more than 10 seconds uses more fuel and produces more CO2 compared to restarting the engine. Countries around the world are concerned with the impact of transportation on the environment and human health. Messages to reduce unnecessary idling are therefore a key component of many national sustainability programs. In Europe, the recommended guidelines for turning engines off are 10 seconds in Italy and France; 20 seconds in Austria; 40 seconds in Germany; and 60 seconds in the Netherlands. In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency’s Smartway and Drive Wise programs both recommend turning the engine off if the driver is stopped for more than 30 seconds. Avoiding unnecessary idling is a universal approach to reduce the environmental impact of vehicles. Drive-through businesses and traffic congestion produce most of the car idling, which have a great impact on the environment. Unnecessary idling not only creates air pollution, it also increases fuel costs. Currently in the Lexington Urban Service Area, drive-throughs are still widespread. In addition, some new developments include space for outlot sales to potential drive-through businesses, which should be discouraged.
Excessive asphalt or concrete parking areas also encourage more driving, and reduce stormwater infiltration into the natural system, which creates environmental pressure. Some developments within the high-density areas and around University of Kentucky are encouraging separate parking spot sales from property sales, or parking rental fees in addition to residential leases, in order to encourage residents to strategize on vehicle uses. New development or redevelopment within the urban core area with essential needs for new parking should be encouraged to incorporate pervious paving solutions or partnership with existing parking infrastructure.
- Overhaul parking standards throughout the zoning ordinance.