Increase flexibility on types of home occupations allowed.
The advances in communication and information technology, especially the impact of home computers and the internet, allow for more mobile businesses and working from home. Eliminating the commute to work, avoiding the cost of leasing or owning space for a business, and being near loved ones are among the reasons that make working from home attractive.
The U.S. Census Bureau states in its report, Working at Home is on the Rise, that the number of home-based workers increased by 4.2 million between 1997 and 2010. In addition, the American Community Survey, by the U.S. Census Bureau, shows that, between 2010 and 2017, the number of home-based workers increased by another 2 million. The report also states that there has been a 69% increase in home-based work in the computer, engineering, and science occupations. However, one in four home-based workers, which equals about 3.4 million workers in the United States, are employed in the management, business, and financial occupations. The U.S. Census Bureau defines “home-based worker” as a person who works exclusively or part of the time from home.
Lexington-Fayette County’s zoning ordinance allows home occupations, as an accessory use in its agriculture zones and as a conditional use in other zones, and home offices, as an accessory use in many zones. Technology, services, and products are continually changing, so reviewing and updating the zoning ordinance, especially the definitions for home office and home occupation, would be advantageous for Lexington’s economic development to ensure as many types of home offices and home occupations may be incorporated as can be suitable and compatible.
- Update Zoning Ordinance regulations related to home occupations and home offices.